There are several pieces of legislation which set out a statutory right to advocacy for people in specific situations.
- the Care Act 2014, which introduced new statutory advocacy from April 2015. Advocacy under the Care Act is for people who have substantial difficulty in being involved with the assessment of their needs, or with their care planning or care reviews, and who have no one else able or appropriate to support their involvement.
- the Mental Capacity Act 2005 and the Deprivation of Liberty Safeguards (DoLs), which introduced Independent Mental Capacity Advocates (IMCAs).
- the Mental Health Act 1981 (as amended 2007) which introduced the right for people detained under the Mental Health Act for assessment and treatment, to have access to an Independent Mental Health Advocate (IMHA).
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